RIL and its partners were to get a new rate from April 1 for gas from their Krishna Godavari basin KG-D6 fields in the Bay of Bengal after the expiry of the price of USD 4.205 per million British thermal units, which had been fixed for a five-year term.
Although the Cabinet approved a new formula to price all gas produced domestically by private and public sector firms on December 19, 2013, and formally notified it on January 10, the new rate was not announced as per the stated procedure.
While the Oil Ministry delayed the announcement of the new rate in accordance with the formula approved and published in the government gazette on January 17, the Lok Sabha polls were announced on March 5 and the Election Commission asked the government to defer notifying the new rate until the election was completed.
"RIL, BP and Niko have issued a Notice of Arbitration on May 9, 2014, to the Government of India seeking the implementation of the 'Domestic Natural Gas Pricing Guideline 2014' notified on January 10, 2014," the firms said in a statement.
"The continuing delay on part of the Government of India in notifying the price in accordance with the approved formula for the gas to be sold has left the parties with no other option but to pursue this course of action," they said.
In the absence of the new rates, the companies have been forced to sell gas in the interim at the old rates and there is no clarity on when the revised prices will be announced as the BJP, which is widely tipped to form the new government, has already stated that it would like to review the formula.
Without clarity on price, the three firms said they are "unable to sanction planned investments of close to USD 4 billion this year."
This would also delay their ability to appraise and develop other significant discoveries made last year.
"Overall, the parties (RIL, BP and Niko) were planning to invest USD 8-10 billion in the next few years to significantly increase production from the KG-D6 block," the statement said.
The three partners are already in arbitration with the government over a USD 1.8 billion penalty levied on them for output from the main Dhirubhai-1 and 3 gas fields in the KG-D6 block lagging targets.
The two fields currently produce just over 8 million standard cubic meters per day of gas, a 10th of the 80 mmscmd output that RIL had forecast for this time when it got approval for investment plans for the fields.
The Supreme Court late last month appointed Michael Hudson McHugh, former Judge of the High Court of Australia, as the third and neutral arbitrator for the penalty dispute.
RIL nominated former Chief Justice of India SP Bharucha as its arbitrator while the Centre chose former Chief Justice of India VN Khare as its representative.
It is not clear if the new dispute will be taken up by the same panel of arbitrators.
RIL and its partners said domestic production of gas from new fields is essential to meet India's energy needs and would help conserve foreign exchange, which is now being used to import natural gas.
"All of this requires clarity on pricing," they said in the statement. "The three parties shall endeavour to work with the government to achieve a prompt and efficient resolution of this dispute."
RIL is the operator of the KG-D6 block with a 60 per cent interest, while BP holds 30 per cent and the remainder is with Niko.
Reliance Industries, partners take Indian govt to arbitration over gas pricing
(Reuters) India's Reliance Industries Ltd and its partners in a gas block, BP Plc and NIKO Resources, said on Saturday they would take India's government to arbitration over delays in deciding gas prices.
India's Election Commission in March had asked the government to defer a rise in gas prices until after national elections, results of which will be declared on May 16.
"The continuing delay on part of the Government of India in notifying the price in accordance with the approved formula for the gas to be sold has left the parties with no other option but to pursue this course of action," the companies said in a joint statement.
"Without this clarity, the parties are unable to sanction planned investments of close to $4 billion this year," the statement said.
Reliance, which operates the world's biggest refining complex in western India, is India's second most valuable company and is controlled by the country's richest man, Mukesh Ambani.