The country was required to halve the percentage of population below the national poverty line by 2015 from the 1990 level of 47.8% under the MDG. The poverty ratio improved steadily to 37.2% by 2004-05 and 29.8% by 2009-10.
Similarly, the report said the country is expected to reduce the infant mortality rate to 43 per thousand by 2015 from 44 in 2011, missing the infant mortality rate target of 27 per thousand by 2015.
The latest data indicate that the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) would come down to 139 per 1,00,000 births by 2015 from 437 in 1990. However, according to the MDG target, the country needs to bring down the MMR by three quarters to 109 per 1,00,000 births between 1990 and 2015.
In September 2000, the Millennium Declaration was adopted at the Millennium Summit, held in the framework of the 55th General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). The MDGs and targets come from the Millennium Declaration, signed by 189 countries, during that time. The eight MDGs include the eradication of poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and empowering women, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB, and ensuring environmental sustainability.