Bankers, not surprisingly, ruled out any changes in loan rates immediately since it would crimp their margins at a time when theyre compelled to leave deposit rates at current levels. SS Mundra, chairman and managing director, Bank of Baroda, told FE there was no rationale to cut loan rates right now.
However, most banks concede they do trim the spreads for select customers while leaving the base rate intact with a view to attracting good borrowers. Given the system-level SLR is estimated at 28-29%, the cut in SLR doesnt help banks much. However, should demand for credit, currently at sub-14%, pick up in the later half of the year, the funds would come in handy.
Both bond and stock markets rallied on the perception the RBI sounded a tad more doveish than it has in the recent past. The central bank held out a ray of hope for borrowers saying it might be possible to lower policy rates in the event inflation eased faster than expected.
If disinflation adjusted for base effects is faster than currently anticipated, it will provide headroom for an easing of the policy stance, the RBI said in a statement. The central bank expects consumer to inflation to fall to 8% by January 2015 and 6% by January 2016 from 8.6% currently.
It believes the economy will grow between 5% and 6% in FY15.
Frederic Neumann, co-head of Asian economics research, HSBC, observed that the RBI remaining on hold so soon after the election wasn't really a surprise. But its doveish tone was. Officials clearly feel quite relaxed about inflation. They may also count on a fairly conservative Budget in the coming weeks, with the BJP sticking to its promise of continued fiscal consolidation, he wrote in a report.
The central bank also signalled confidence in the Indian currency allowing larger amounts of $125,000 to be remitted under the Liberalised Remittance Scheme (LRS), without any end-use restrictions. The rupee has run up by almost 19% since its lifetime lows of 68.85 to the dollar in last August last year.
State Bank of India (SBI) chairman Arundhati Bhattacharya pointed out that with the central bank increasingly encouraging banks to tap the term repos rather than the overnight repo window a new term repo facility has been introduced the cost of funds for those banks would go up marginally.
Bhattacharya, who was talking to a leading business channel, believes the RBIs nudging banks in the direction of the term repo market might, over time, prompt banks to phase out the one-day loan product to companies. Of course, it would depend on what banks as a whole do since we cant afford not to have a product if others offer one, she explained.
The RBI has reduced the liquidity provided under the export credit refinance (ECR) facility from 50% of the eligible export credit outstanding to 32%. The move is estimated to suck out Rs 20,000 crore. The central bank has, however, compensated for the withdrawal by allowing banks to borrow an additional 0.25% or Rs 18,000 crore from the special repo facility, taking the aggregate to 1%. The idea, bankers pointed out, was to maintain liquidity at the same levels while changing the funnels through which it would be channelled into the system. In a report, Citi wrote that in the immediate term it raises the funding cost for banks at the margin as term repo rates are higher than ECR rate of 8%. Moreover, in the medium term and in line with the Urjit Patel committee report, the RBI is moving towards a target policy rate determined by 14-day term repo cut-offs.