NHAIs commentary, however, is pessimistic and it says projects in the EPC mode are dependent upon it being able to acquire the necessary land.
As for the BOT model, that would depend on the response of developers bidder interest has been falling over the last couple of years as project costs have shot up due to delays in clearances. The NHAI is also concerned banks may not be willing to fund too many projects.
While leading developers like GMR and GVK walked out of projects in FY13, few developers have taken up projects following their restructuring based on the Rangarajan Committees recommendations. This is because, apart from high interest costs, traffic volumes have been below projections.
According to a Crisil report, the financial viability of highway projects is severely strained and the project returns are now in the range of 8-14%, less than half the 22-26% arrived at based on NHAIs traffic and cost estimates.