The move stems from MoRTH and NHAIs worry that the terms of premium rescheduling being prepared by the Rangarajan panel might fail to lure existing developers to stay with the respective projects. The cumulative premium to be rescheduled is around Rs 98,000 crore.
According to senior officials, the NHAI will soon submit a proposal to the road ministry enlisting the break-up of the 23 projects. The proposal may need Cabinet approval as the premium rescheduling was earlier approved by it.
The dearth of new public-private partnerships in build, operate, transfer project awards has hit highway construction badly, even as the NHAI is trying to revive the engineering, procurement and construction model and has awarded 600 km of projects in this category by November-end. With traffic growth sluggish, raising equity difficult and bank funds not forthcoming, there has been tepid response to PPP projects offered by the NHAI this financial year. Just 222 km of projects have been awarded (including re-awards) against 1,116 km in FY13 and 6,491 km in FY12.
Given that NHAI is getting good response from the investors and developers for smaller stretches, we are looking at this strategy and awarding these (23) projects in small bits, an official said. The delay in premium rescheduling is affecting the performance of the NHAI and highway construction plans and hence, to get the construction work started, the only possible option left is to cancel these projects and award them in smaller stretches as per their viability, the official said.
Asked which would be the preferred mode of awarding, the official said it could be a mix of both EPC and BOT. "The government does not want to take a risk of BOT alone so if a BOT bid goes empty, then the EPC route will be taken to have the projects rolling," the official said.
One reason for taking the backup route is also to safeguard the interests of lenders. According to road ministry estimates, lenders exposure to these projects is about Rs 43,000 crore.
Most of these projects as per the model concession agreement have already lapsed and the rest might lapse in the next few months. This apart, even the developers are not keen to build these projects. Both the NHAI and the developers have failed to meet their requirements for these projects and so it would be a win -win situation for both the government and the developers (if the projects are rebid), said the official quoted earlier.
Fearing escalation in construction cost, bankers have told the NHAI that they would re-evaluate the projects including the check of feasibility and viability along with asking promoters to put in additional equity.
The Rangarajan committee set up by the government to work out the premium rescheduling package has already taken more than a month as directed by the Cabinet. The draft report prepared by it is learnt to suggest that the back-ending of the premium be done with a discount rate of 10.75% to calculate the net present value of future cash flows. The finance ministry and the Planning Commission want the discount rate to be 12%.