The bills, which have reached even a whopping R1 crore in case of some South Mumbai properties, have Mumbaikars in protest, calling it unjust and unfair. According to legal experts, the tax has been doubled for residential properties and almost tripled for the majority of commercial buildings in the city.
The new tax system, which affects about 15 lakh families in the entire western and eastern suburban areas and the island city, came into effect from April 1, 2010, after which BMC issued only provisional bills, and had said citizens will be charged retrospectively once the new system is cleared by the statutory standing committee of the BMC. The committee cleared the proposal in June 2012.
The new capital-value system bases taxes for all buildings (old and new) according to the Ready Reckoner (RR) rate, against the older rateable value system which was based on the rent of the property. The change means that now the tax is being calculated on the market price of the property.
However, city lawyers say that the basis of this new calculation is faulty because RR rates are used to calculate the minimum registration and stamp duty charges paid at the time of registering property, while there are various other factors that govern the market value of a property, which the new system overlooks. RR rates are rates fixed by the government, below which sales of property cannot happen in the given area. From January 1, 2013 these rates have touched a maximum of 30% in the city, which has already burnt pockets of homebuyers with higher stamp duty outgo.
"RR rates cannot be the basis for property valuation. For example, on the same floor an apartment with a garden view will command a different value from the other facing say a slum. Also, proximity to public transport, quality and materials used in construction and several other criterion dominate the value of a property," says Godfrey Pimenta, a practising lawyer in Mumbai.
He adds that there are other faults in the calculation system as the BMC has clubbed 400-500 plots together to arrive at the base value, which includes luxury apartments, semi-permanent bungalows and even slums, while each structure will have different value given its type.
The new tax system has kept properties up to 500 square feet area out of the increased tax net, which is also being protested. With the growing protests, BMC last month had clarified that only 19% of all 14.2 lakh residential units and 25% of 3.77 lakhs non-residential properties will have to shell out more. While 53% of residential properties will see no change in their current rate, it will reduce for 27% of the properties.
Meanwhile, housing societies, which have been receiving the bills are in a state of flux and are in the process of asking residents to pay the increased sum. Some others have sought clarifications from the BMC.
We have received a bill of R65,477 charged retrospectively from 2010. We have called for meeting with the residents as they have to agree to pay, says a senior member of Sun View Cooperative Housing Society in Andheri (East).
Ours is a 45-year-old property with mostly pensioners as members. It will be difficult for us to recover this additional burden from them. We have sought clarity from BMC on what basis they have arrived at such a high figure, because the property is spread over six acres and has 11 plots which have different valuations, says a senior member of Blossom Co-op Housing Society in Andheri (East).
According to reports, BMC expects to garner over R3,500 crore through the new property tax system in the next two months. In the month of January, it reportedly collected R10 crore in new tax payments. It has also been receiving complaints from various societies objecting to different types of calculation errors.