RC Bhargava, Maruti chairman, told FE that as per the companys new policy, 75-80% of the new workers will be permanent while the rest will be hired on a temporary basis. Typically, one line requires 2,000 workers. The only difference between the two categories is that when work reduces, temporary workers go home, returning when it picks up again, he said.
Operations at the Manesar car plant have been far from smooth with two bouts of labour trouble in 2011 and 2012 leading to plant closures and a total loss of about R6,000 crore in revenues. The first dispute, which stretched from June to October in 2011, was over registration of a new union, while the July 2012 violence had led to the death of a company HR official.
Bhargava added that further hiring for the upcoming mega-facility at Gujarat could also start from around 2014, a year before the scheduled start of operations of the first line in 2015-16. The Gujarat workers will be first trained at Marutis existing twin facilities in Gurgaon and Manesar. In 2015-16, Gujarat will initially start with a single line making 250,000 cars annually, later going up to six lines producing 1.5 million cars a year. Combined with the two Haryana plants, Marutis total annual output is likely to cross 3 million by around 2020.
By March this year, the car market leader also aims to completely finish with contract positions in operations directly related to manufacturing, but may keep them for other jobs like material handling and maintenance. At Manesar we dont need them (contract workers) at all and at Gurgaon the process is on of converting the contract to temporary workers. By the end of March we should be completing this, Bhargava said.
However, other sources in the company indicated that while the conversion may be possible for the fewer employees at the relatively newer Manesar plant (started in 2007), the process would take much longer for its first Gurgaon facility and in all probability miss the March deadline. Though contract workers get lower pay and lesser job benefits, they make up the bulk of the labour force today in the Gurgaon plant only 40% of the workers are permanent.
With a 50% wage hike announced last September (average monthly pay is Rs 38,000), combined with the conversion of over 5,000 contract workers to higher-paying permanent positions, over Rs 100 crore is expected to be added to Marutis current wage bill. Though company officials including CFO Ajay Seth have previously said that the impact on financials will be minimal, employee expenses as a percentage of net sales is likely to cross 3%, a number similar to that at Hero MotoCorp. At present, Marutis wage bill is among the lowest in the industry at 2.2% (of net sales) at the end of the third quarter of this fiscal, lower in fact than the 2.3% of the previous fiscal.
Maruti has fared better this fiscal in terms of sales on the back of rising popularity of its diesel models such as the Swift, Dzire and Ertiga. Despite sluggish demand for petrol cars and a production drop owing to labour troubles, Marutis volumes in April-December rose 8.36%compared with a 11% drop in FY12.
An improved product mix and better export realisation has led to an almost two and half times jump in net profit to Rs 501.29 crore for the December quarter. The companys share ended Monday at Rs 1,593.50 on the BSE, down 0.94%.