The 19th Livestock Census shows an overall decline of 3.33% in the total livestock population compared with the previous census of 2007, according to the final Census released by agriculture minister Radha Mohan Singh on Wednesday.
The total livestock population stood at 51.20 crore numbers in 2012, against 52.96 crore in 2007 it said.
As per the Census data, cattle population has declined by 4% to 1.90 crore in 2012 from 1.99 crore in 2007.
Similarly, goat population has dropped by 3.82% to 13.5 crore from 14 crore, number of bovines declined by 1.57% to 29.9 crore from 30.4 crore and sheep population fell by 9% to 6.5 crore from 7.15 crore in the review period.
However, the number of buffalo has increased marginally to 10.87 crore, while poultry population grown by 12.39% to 72.9 crore in 2012.
Some states such as Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Punjab, Bihar, Sikkim, Meghalaya and Chhattisgarh have shown an increase in their total livestock population.
Livestock Census in the country started in the year 1919 and since then the exercise has been continuing every five year. The data are being used for policy formulation and has wide utility in the field of planning and research activities.