In addition, considerable uncertainties prevail about the external economic climate amid fears of earlier-than-expected QE exit by the US Federal Reserve. While the leading central banks loose monetary policy to prevent a major global collapse has been successful, a smooth exit from the stimulus could prove to be tricky.
Concerns over how the imminent QE exit by the US Fed will play out has precipitated a sharp fall in the Indian rupee, which is down ~14% since May 2013, making it one of the worst currencies in the emerging markets (EM) in the past few months. Among the key factors behind the Indian rupees battering has been the elevated CAD (4.8% of GDP) and high fiscal deficit (4.9% of GDP in FY13), leading to FII outflows to the tune of $10 billion in the June-July period.
In view of the sharp fall in the rupee over the last few weeks, the RBIs monetary policy focus has shifted towards exchange rate stability. The central bank has unleashed a series of liquidity tightening measures aimed at curbing speculation and arresting the slide of the rupee. Although the rupee did recover modestly after the RBI steps, concerns over FII outflows and large twin deficits sent the local currency to a new record low of 61.80 on August 6. Going forward, external factors like the Federal Reserves monetary policy stance will be a key driver, as it will determine the direction of FII flows into emerging markets like India.
Expectations have also mounted over a possible overseas bond issue (sovereign or quasi-sovereign) by India to try and turn the tide in favour of the rupee. Given the dire situation, the RBI could also resort to further monetary tightening by way of a CRR hike or in the worst case scenario, a repo rate hike. If at all things come to such a pass, the financial markets (equity and debt) will come under more strain.
The rupees swift fall from grace has also meant that the RBI, which was expected to lower policy rates gradually in FY14, has put off its easing plans till the currency attains some stability. On the contrary, the RBIs hawkish stance has the potential to constrain the availability of capital, further delaying the economic recovery besides keeping business confidence muted.
A pertinent question to ask in this context is what should the retail investors do in the current situation In view of the ongoing turmoil, the retail investors would be better off investing in defensive sectors like IT and Pharma while avoiding sectors with a high correlation with the economic trends.
The sectors from which the retail investors should keep a safe distance include rate-sensitives like banking, infrastructure and capital goods.
The retail investors could focus on stocks with attractive valuation as and when clarity emerges in terms of rupee stabilisation and reversal in the RBIs tightening measures. However, prudence demands that retail investors invest in the shares of companies with robust business models, healthy cash flows and management, with a credible track record of good governance.
The author is head of researchretail capital market, Edelweiss Financial Services