On the fiscal front, the finance minister had the task of meeting the fiscal deficit target of 4.1% of the GDP this year. It is interesting to note that the Budget retains the fiscal deficit target, which is, in some ways, a confidence-boosting measure that signals to the markets the governments commitment to expenditure control. However, there might have been some over-optimism in the assumptions to back this deficit figure, given that the economy is still moving slow.
But there are a few good positives. First, the Budget sets the fiscal deficit target for FY17 at 3% of the GDP. That is a very good move as it clearly shows that fiscal control is among the top priorities of the government. In the long run, all investors will appreciate a reduction in unproductive expenditures.
Until now, there was plenty of conjecture on what sectors the government would target and how it would plan to make resources available for investments. Now, there is some clarity on the roadmap.
The point to note is that the finance minister has subtly increased the tools that will spur infrastructure investment in the next few years, by the way of making infrastructure-funding cheaper by removing the SLR and CRR requirements for long-term infrastructure lending. That is a highly encouraging move, something that can be termed power positive.
This move is significant for banking as well, if only because some of the biggest lenders to infrastructure have been the PSU banks. Now, many of them will get the benefit of this exemption and it will also make infrastructure lending cheaper as some of the built-in costs of holding in SLR and CRR will reduce, and will be passed on by the bankers to the infrastructure segment.
The impact of the good concessions given to the middle-class for personal income tax will be substantial and tangible. Home-loan interest exemptions have been increased further, basic tax exemption has been increasedsuch measures will increase the disposable income in the hands of individuals.
It will also spur more savings; especially tax-saving investments will get a fillip. This will also help investors shift towards financial savings like equity and debt, away from physical assets such as real estate and gold.
Debt investors will have to look at debt as a long-term investment as the Budget has defined long-term debt as that which is held for more than 36 months, as opposed to the previous 12-month threshold.
The real estate sector has got a boost with REITs getting pass-through statussome of the highly leveraged real estate companies now have the opportunity to deleverage. But property prices are still quite stiff, and interest rates are still too high, so some unease with the sector persists.
Equity is not undervalued any more. In fact, almost all the pockets of undervaluation that were there over the last six months are now in the fairly-valued zone, while some consumer stocks look overvalued.
The current valuations have swung the pendulum a bit more towards long-term investing in equities, i.e., investors must come in with a three-year horizon. We believe there is a lot of long-term potential in sectors such as infra, banking and select mid-caps. Equities still make a strong investment case as a fantastic compounding asset class with an economic recovery on the cards.
The author is MD and CEO, ICICI Prudential Asset Management Company