Iraqs presidency said a session of parliament would be held on July 1, the first step to forming a new government that the international community hopes will be inclusive enough to undermine the insurgency. The overnight offensive included Mansouriyat al-Jabal, home to the gas fields where foreign companies operate, security forces said. The fighting threatens to rupture the country two and a half years after the end of US occupation. The insurgents, led by the hardline Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) but also including other Sunni groups, blame Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki for marginalising their sect during eight years in power. Three months after elections, a chorus of Iraqi and international voices have called for the government-formation process to be started, including Iraqs most influential Shiite grand ayatollah Ali al-Sistani.
Iraq issued a decree on Thursday for a parliament session on July 1. Parliament will then have 30 days to name a president.
Maliki has, so far, has dismissed the calls by mainly Sunni political and religious figures, some with links to armed groups fighting Maliki, for a national salvation government that would choose figures to lead the country and, in effect, bypass election.