At India Economic Convention organised by India Foundation, Deepak Parekh said the country needs USD 1 trillion in the 12th Plan of which 47 per cent was to come from private sector, but it has not happened in the first two years of the Plan period.
Concerned over surging NPAs in banks, the banker said "as we speak, 11 banks have NPAs of over 5 per cent". In absolute terms to be about 4 lakh crore of which about would be required to be "written off". Majority of this NPA comes from infrastructure sector, he added.
To deal with such situation, banks need more capital. But banks, he said, has "inherent problem" in raising equity as government's capital infusion is "inadequate".
For current fiscal govt infused Rs 14,000 crore in PSU banks and has earmarked Rs 11,200 crore for next.
Deepak Parekh stressed on deepening of equity markets to deal with the problem.
Listing out a 10 point agenda for the new government, he said India needs to privatise coal sector to reduce dependence on imported coal, which is a huge drain on exchequer.
He stressed on inter-ministerial coordination so that they do not work in silos.
The banker advocated corporatisation of railways, improving existing urban infrastructure in addition to development of new cities and FDI in different spheres of economy.
Deepak Parekh further said politicians need to back bureaucrats in policy making to boost their moral and confidence.
Lamenting that India fares poor on ease of doing business in global list, he said the next government should work towards improving this.
There is also need for clear and transparent policy for furthering business confidence, he added.