According to the report released by US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), India accounts for second largest number of international students in this country. China with 290,133 students is at the top in the report on international students.
Over three-fourths of Indian students are enrolled in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) courses.
India, in fact, has the highest number of STEM students. As many as 78 per cent of the Indian students are enrolled in STEM categories, while the figure for China is 37 per cent, said the report which is based on data from the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS).
The SEVIS is a Web-based system that includes information on international students, exchange visitors and their dependents while they are in the United States.
The report accounts for figures till April 1 this year.
There are currently 1,015,178 students studying in the US and 188,382 J-1 exchange visitors. And with the dependents the grand total is 2,102,565.
As many as 29 per cent of the international students (who get F and M categories of students' visa originate from China and 56 per cent of all international students in the country are males, the report said.
There are 351,397 international students studying in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields, the report said adding that 85 per cent of them originate from Asia; and 43 per cent of them study engineering.
Student and Exchange Visitor Programme (SEVP) is a programme within US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), as part of the National Security Investigations Division and acts as a bridge for government organisations that have an interest in information on non-immigrants whose primary reason for coming to the US is to be students.
According to the report, Indian students registered eight per cent increase in its enrollment since January 1. India, which is on the second spot, is followed by South Korea (91,583) and Saudi Arabia (72,223).
As many as 35 per cent of the international students study in three States of California (169,543), New York (117,149) and Texas (71,534), the report said, adding that 28 percent of international students (in F and M visa) in culinary and related programs originate from South Korea and Mexico, while 25 per cent in health professionals and related programme originate from Canada and India.
As of April 1, almost 1.02 million international students were enrolled in nearly 9,000 US schools using an F (academic) or M (vocational) visa. This marks a two per cent increase from January.
Seventy-five per cent of all international students were from Asia, with 29 per cent from China.
Saudi Arabia and India had the greatest percentage increase of students studying in the United States at 10 and eight per cent, respectively, when compared to January statistics.
The top 10 countries of citizenship for international students included: China, India, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Mexico and Brazil.
The April report also included key insight into which international students pursue STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) coursework. Sixty-seven per cent of international students studying STEM fields were male. Forty-three per cent of all international STEM students studied engineering.
Seventy-eight per cent of international students from India studied STEM fields, while only eight percent of international students from Japan studied STEM fields.
Other key points from the report include: 77 per cent of SEVP-certified schools had between zero and 50 international students; 72 per cent of international students were enrolled in bachelor's, master's or doctoral programmes; and California, New York and Florida had the most SEVP-certified schools. A school must be SEVP-certified before it can enroll international students.