The deficit was USD 18.9 billion in January, 2013.
Director General of Foreign Trade Anup Pujari said export growth was in single digit because of a decline in outbound shipments of major products-- gems and jewellery and petroleum.
"Petroleum and gems and jewellery have shown a decline in exports. As a result, when my major two things among the top four are showing decline, exports are not going far," he said.
Petroleum and gems and jewellery exports in January contracted by 13.1 per cent and 9.39 per cent, respectively.
Imports fell by 18.07 per cent to USD 36.6 billion in January.
A decline gold and silver imports mainly contributed to bridging the trade gap. Their imports dipped by 77 per cent to USD 1.72 billion in January from USD 7.49 billion in the same month last year.
Oil imports too declined by 10.1 per cent in the month under review to USD 13.18 billion.
Apex exporters body FIEO expressed serious concerns over the declining trend in exports from October, 2013 onwards.
"The continued modest growth in exports is worrisome to achieve the targets for this fiscal. It indicates that Indian exporters need immediate attention to bring exports back on track," Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) President Rafeeque Ahmed said in a statement.
After registering 13.47 per cent growth in October, 2013, exports recorded a growth of 5.86 per cent and 3.49 per cent in November and December respectively.
The upward trend in exports is maintained and that gives satisfaction, Commerce Secretary Rajeev Kher said, adding that there is lot needs to be done. Narrowing trade deficit rejoicing he said.
"This is fact that it (growth in exports) has come down to single digits. But the monthly trend has not fallen," Kher said.
When asked whether import restrictions on gold are impacting gems and jewellery exports, Pujari said curbs are mainly for domestic players.
"Although the figures are showing that there are difficulties, the restrictions are not really impacting the exports," Pujari said.
Government has raised the import duty on gold to 10 per cent and the RBI has introduced 80:20 norm under which 20 per cent of the total imports had to be re-exported.
During April-January, exports grew by 5.71 per cent to USD 257 billion, while imports dipped by 7.81 per cent to USD 377 billion.
The trade deficit was about USD 119 billion.
Oil imports during the nine month period was up by 1.2 per cent to USD 138.14 billion.
On the exports target of the USD 325 billion for the current fiscal, Kher said: "It is a tough call but it is achievable."
He also said that the commerce ministry has asked its finance counterpart to relax import curbs on gold.
"We have recommended a relaxation in the restrictions," he added.
Sectors which have registered a positive export growth in January include engineering (37 per cent), rice (22.9 per cent), marine products (50 per cent), iron ore (18 per cent) and ready made garments (17.42 per cent).