"Rohit Sharma has sustained a fracture on the middle finger of his right hand, and has been ruled out of the ongoing ODI and T20 International series against England, as a result," BCCI secretary Sanjay Patel said in a statement.
Sharma scored 52 in India's 133-run win in the rain-marred second one-dayer at Cardiff on Wednesday to help the visitors go 1-0 up in the five-match series. Nottingham hosts the next match on Saturday.
Vijay, a right-hander like Sharma, opened in the five-match test series which England won 3-1.
He was India's highest scorer in the test series with 402 runs at an average of over 40-plus including a century in the first test.