In the profit comparison, HDFC MF posted a net profit of Rs 319 crore in FY13, up 18.6%, over Rs 269 crore registered in the previous year. Reliance Mutual Funds net profit, on the other hand, slipped 28.5% to Rs 197.53 crore in FY13 from Rs 276.1 crore last year, according to figures recently updated on the asset management companys (AMCs) website.
However, the dip in net profit was largely due to the contribution of exceptional items worth Rs 55.64 crore pertaining to provision for diminution of investments in subsidiaries, as per the AMCs annual report. According to Reliance Mutual Fund, this is a non-cash item which had been in the books for the last three-four years but was written off in FY13.
Specific to domestic operations, net profit stood at Rs 253.17 crore a 8.3% decline over the last year. Total revenues, however, rose about 11% to Rs 712 crore from Rs 642 crore in FY12 even as expenses rose 31% to Rs 399 crore.
In the last six fiscals now, both HDFC Mutual Fund and Reliance Mutual Fund have surpassed each other in profitability three times each. Between FY08 and FY12, both the fund houses had been running neck and neck so to speak, with the net profit gap between the two ranging from Rs 3.9 crore to Rs 21.5 crore.
Kotak Mutual Fund is the other fund house in among the top 10 that has seen a substantial dip in its profitability in FY13, albeit on a lower base. The AMCs net profit declined 76% to Rs 3.46 crore from Rs 14.35 crore in the year-ago period. The fund house's revenue growth remained flat at 2.44% even as expenses grew by more than 21% owing to higher distribution and selling costs.
IDFC Mutual Fund and SBI Mutual Fund posted the highest percentage growth in net profits, clocking growth of 156% and 41%, respectively. IDFC Mutual Fund was among the few fund houses which saw a growth in both its debt and equity assets in FY13.
Overall, the top 10 fund houses (excluding Franklin Templeton Mutual Fund) posted a consolidated profitability growth of about 6% in FY13, with seven out of these nine fund houses posting double digit growth. Revenue growth has been robust this year for most of the top fund houses, led by substantial inflows into debt funds. This has also helped the overall asset base of the industry to grow despite the sustained redemptions on the equity side, said Dhruva Chatterji, senior investment consultant, Morningstar India.
Reliance Mutual Fund (Rs 16,621 crore), ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund (Rs 16,491 crore), Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund (Rs 16,041 crore), SBI Mutual Fund (Rs 12,504 crore) and HDFC Mutual Fund (Rs 9,695 crore) were among the fund houses that saw a sizeable increase in their debt asset base in FY13 over the year-ago period.
The assets under management of the mutual fund industry grew to Rs 7.01 lakh crore at the end of FY13 from Rs 5.87 lakh crore over the year-ago period. MF equity schemes saw inflows in only two months in FY13, with net outflows for the year totalling Rs 12,931 crore.