Last year, when the coal shortage got really bad, the PMO was keen CIL supply more legally binding fuel supply agreements (FSAs) with power producers. Since CIL wasnt convinced, a Presidential Directive had to be issued to itthis is sort of a brahmastra, used in very serious situations. CIL still didnt quite fully comply, but a compromise was reached to sign 60,000 MW worth of FSAs. When the PMO wanted CIL to hike this to 78,000 MW, for some reason the usual levers of control over PSUs continue to remain ineffective. So another Presidential Directive has had to be issued. Hopefully CILs independent directors who are quick to take umbrage at such directives realise how special they are.