One shortlisted idea proposes launch a network of motorbike science labs to address the lack of science equipment and digital resources for rural children.
The idea to develop an online marketplace and integrated mobile app to organise waste pickers and address the growing problem of trash in Delhi also figures among top 10.
In August this year, Google had invited ideas from non-profits on how they would make India and the world a better place using technology.
Scaling a video hub and an online knowledge platform to help farmers gain the agricultural skills they need to lower their costs and increase their productivity is another idea shortlisted.
Creating open source mobile games to teach critical entrepreneurship skills to India's children is another idea.
Apart from cash award, Google will also mentor the four winners to help them deliver the projects, the company said in a statement today.
Google has also invited public to cast vote till October 30 for selecting winners of of Rs 3 crore Global Impact Award.
A panel of judges will hear pitches live from all 10 finalists.
The 10 non-profit finalists that were announced today each have the potential to build positive change in India. They only need support to do so, Ram Shriram, judge and Google Board Member said.
The company said that the initiative -- Google Impact Challenge in India -- is part of its ongoing social efforts.