The introduction of restrictions on payment terms for gold imports in May and an increase in import duties in early June created uncertainty in the market but had limited impact on end-user demand, which was met by stocks that had been built up to healthy levels following the April price drop, said the report.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was forced to clarify the changes in gold import norms, after the bullion industry found it difficult to decode the central banks instructions issued on July 22. Clarifying its position, the RBI has now put the onus clearly on nominated banks and agencies to ensure that at least a fifth of every lot of imported gold is exclusively made available for exports. The same is required to be supervised by the customs authority.
Gold imports have come to a standstill in the last one month as the industry sought more clarifications on the export-linked import guidelines. Nominated agencies may manage to balance the orders of domestic players with exporters both of which collectively form their client pool, said Prem Hinduja, CEO, Tribhovandas Bhimji Zaveri before the clarifications were announced. However, the industry remains confused about the condition of parking export-intended imports in customs designated warehouses due to uncertainty around infrastructure and security, he added.
Further, the RBI has taken steps to prevent agencies front loading of imports especially in the first and second lot of imports.
It has put a ceiling by linking the imports to the highest level of imports during any one of the last three years. The quantity thus arrived at, however, will not be imported in one or two lots only, says the notification.
The WGC report notes that recent changes in policy including restrictions on payment terms and linking import quotas to exports are likely to create confusion in the industry. For one, international bullion banks which do not have an Indian import focused unit may find it difficult to ensure that the importing agencies they are dealing with have clients to utilise the 20% export component.
Such banks account for nearly 60-70% of total Indian supply. If the nominated agencies they are dealing with fail to secure 20% export of the supply made by these bullion banks, their payments may be at risk, said an analyst tracking the developments.
Although channelising agencies are allowed to import gold on consignment basis, they can sell gold to bullion dealers, domestic jewellers and banks authorised to administer gold deposit schemes only on receiving upfront full payment.
While imports of gold coins and medallions has been prohibited by the government with immediate effect, the 20% export-linked import rule is also applied to gold dore imports which can only be done against a licence by Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), the RBI said in its notification late evening on Wednesday.