India has put in place measures to dissuade gold buying to tackle a widening trade deficit, including a 10% import tax and a requirement that a fifth of all imports of the metal be shipped out. As a result, domestic sellers are asking for
up to 10% more than quoted gold prices for deliveries.
The measures are making finished jewellery imports a viable option and could even reshape the domestic jewellery industry by luring their manufacturing overseas.
Gold jewellery imports have surged nearly four times to 4-5 tonne in January from 1.0-1.5 tonne two months prior to that, according to the All India Gems and Jewellery Trade Federation, which represents more than 300,000 jewellers.
A 10-gram gold chain from Dubai costs R27,000, about 10% lower than the cost in India, said Raman Solanki, owner of Mumbai-based Sangam Jewels and Gold, who now regularly imports from Dubai. The cheaper price is even after adding a 15% duty that finished jewellery imports attract.
Indian jewellers import finished jewellery either to sell directly or to melt to make customised designs.
"Since there is no gold available, we import jewellery as it fits well with our costing. We imported about 700-800 kg of jewellery from Dubai last month," said Prithviraj Kothari, managing director of Mumbai-based Riddhisiddhi Bullions.
Dubai-based wholesaler Siroya Jewellers, which exports to India, has also seen a spurt in jewellery sales to India.
"There is demand for jewellery from India due to a shortage of gold there," said Rajesh Jain, a partner at Siroya Jewellers.
Manufacturing going overseas
Cheaper imports of finished jewellery now pose a threat to local jewellery manufacturing units that employ more than 10 million workers, excluding retail store employees.
Hit by lower availability, a few jewellery makers such as Gitanjali Exports are also thinking of raising capacities at their overseas manufacturing units.
"Some exporters are definitely contemplating shifting part of their production to locations like Thailand, Malaysia and China," said Sanjeev Agarwal, chief executive of Gitanjali Exports.