But to get back to the basics, top players including the likes of Hero Motocorpwhose revenues fell 11% yoyhave all but lost pricing power; others like Hindustan Unilever arent able to sell enough volumes. While the consumer goods players are no doubt in trouble with household incomes hurt by inflation, the bigger concern is the pain in the core sector; Tata Steel missed stand-alone ebitda estimates with price realisations not coming in as expected while Reliance Infras revenues fell 11% yoy. The realisation per vehicle at Ashok Leyland fell 16% yoy and even at Tata Motors the fall was as much as 7.5%. How tired volumes are can be gauged from the fact that net sales for the pack of 1,820 companies are up barely 11% at a time when wholesale inflation is averaging 7.5%. Moreover, the relatively elevated prices of raw material continue to hurt marginsSAILs ebitda margin, for instance, was dented by 200 basis points yoy.
The key takeaway from the results, and the big disappointment, is that capital expenditure appears to be virtually at a standstill. Given that State Bank of Indias outstanding advances, at the end of September, were 25% lower than they were in June, it would appear that companies are in no hurry to expand their operations. Also, the depreciation data has been flat for three quarters now while order books of engineering firms remain weak. Bhels profits fell 10% yoy on flat revenues but far worse was the fact that its orderbook was smaller at the end of September than it was in June. Orders at ABB plunged 33% yoy and the order backlog at Voltas too was smaller. It would appear then that investments across sectorshydrocarbons, metals and power are down to a trickle. The other worry is that companies remain highly indebted, whether its an Adani Enterprises, a Reliance Communications or a Suzlon. While the interest rate cycle should turn soon, it could be a while before companies are able to deleverage and plan for future investments.