Take the issue of losses first. In the case of LPG cylinders where Aadhar-based payments will be the first to begin, it is estimated that there are 1-2 crore fake/duplicate connections. Just eliminating these will save between R2,000 crore to R4,000 crore. Ditto for the R75,000 crore spent on food subsidies where leakages are estimated to be around 58%. In the case of MGNREGA, similarly, just around a third of the poor get employed while the scheme was conceived with them in mind. So, presumably an Aadhar-based payments system will fix this.
How the poor will get even more funds is easy to see, since the administrative costs associated with the scheme will be eliminatedthese are typically 25-30% of the cost of the scheme and will be replaced by the cost of administering Aadhar, typically 2-5%. In the case of MGNREGA, for instance, the capital component of the schemethe bricks and the cementis around 30%. Since the idea of MGNREGA is not so much to create assetswhich in any case arent always easy to find lateras it is to be able to push funds to the poor, this 30% can also be given to the poor in terms of enhanced Aadhar payments. Similarly, in the case of food subsidies, around 30% of the costs are associated with storing and distribution of foodgrainsonce government procurement of grain reduces as the poor get cash transfers, the government will save money and can just as well increase Aadhar payments under this head.