The scarcity value has helped Exim Bank price its bonds at at 220 basis points over the US treasury running roughly at 1.895% to yield 4.119% and attract subscriptions worth $6.4 billion from 263 investors across the world. Six months earlier, the state-owned bank had raised funds through five-year bonds at 348 bps above the US treasury, then at around 1.5117%.
The 4% coupon is the lowest ever paid by any Indian issuer for a 10-year dollar bond, said Jujhar Singh, managing director, capital markets, Standard Chartered.
Power Grid Corporation is expected to raise $500 million over the next few days while Indian Infrastructure Finance Company and Indian Oil Corporation could hit the markets soon as could Power Financing Corporation, Rural Electrification Corporation and large nationalised banks.
While most banks and companies are likely to use the funds to lend overseas, Rajan explained that the lower withholding tax of 5%, down from the earlier 20%, would make it affordable for borrowers to bring the money back home. Even after accounting for the cost of hedging, it still makes sense to borrow overseas because the spreads are fine and the 5% withholding tax is competitive, he said.
Though technically Asian investors may have accounted for 76% of the demand, these included several US funds operating out of the region. About 22% of the subscription came in from Europe.
The bulk of the buyers are primarily plain-vanilla debt funds and many of them are expected to hold the paper till maturity though the bonds are tradeable.
Following the Exim issuance, other bonds trading in the secondary market got a lift. ICICI Banks bonds maturing in 2018 were trading 10 bps lower, State Bank of Indias bonds maturing in 2017 were trading 3bps lower, while NTPC paper changed hands at a yield 5 bps lower. In July when SBI raised five-year money, the issue was priced at treasury plus 375 basis points; today the bonds are trading at treasury plus 245 basis points, observed an investment banker.
The Exim bonds will be listed on the Singapore stock exchange. Apart from funds, sovereign wealth funds, private banks, banks and insurers were also buyers. Last year banks and companies picked up some $6 billion among the borrowers were SBI, Reliance Industries and ICICI Bank, who raised over $1-2 billion each.
Its a very good time to borrow as investors start the year with new limits to invest in emerging markets and there is a lot of liquidity due to the QE3, said Shankar Subramaniam, director, financial institutions, at Bank of America.