Second is the growing using of mobile apps. Many users download mobile apps regularly without any thought of security. The moot point is that threats designed to take advantage of users trust in systems, applications and personal networks have reached startling levels.
According to the Cisco 2014 Annual Security Report, a worldwide shortage of nearly a million skilled security professionals is impacting organisations abilities to monitor and secure networks, while overall vulnerabilities and threats reached their highest levels since 2000.
The reports findings offer a broad picture of rapidly evolving security challenges facing businesses, IT departments and individuals. Attacker methods include
socially engineered theft of passwords and credentials, hide-in-plain-sight infiltrations, and exploitation of the trust required for economic transactions, government services and social interactions.
A quick look at some of the findings. Overall vulnerabilities and threats reached the highest level since initial tracking began in May 2000. As of October 2013, cumulative annual alert totals increased 14% year-over-year from 2012. Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attackswhich disrupt traffic to and from targeted websites and can paralyse internet service providershave increased in both volume and severity. Multipurpose trojans counted as the most frequently encountered web-delivered malware, at 27% of total encounters in 2013. Almost 99% of all mobile malware targeted Android devices.
According to the Cisco report, specific business sectors, such as the pharmaceutical and chemical industry and the electronics manufacturing industry, have historically had high malware encounter rates. In 2012 and 2013, there was remarkable growth in malware encounters for the agriculture and mining industryformerly a relatively low-risk sector. Malware encounters also continued to rise in the energy, oil and gas sectors.
John Stewart, senior vice-president, chief security officer, Threat Response Intelligence and Development, Cisco, said: Although the report paints a grim picture of the current state of cyber security, there is hope for restoring trust in people, institutions and technologies and that starts with empowering defenders with real-world knowledge about expanding attack surfaces.
But the fact is that todays threat landscape is nothing like that of just 10 years ago. Simple attacks that caused containable damage have given way to modern cybercrime operations that are sophisticated, well-funded, and capable of causing major disruption to organisations. Companies have become the focus of targeted attacks. These attacks are very difficult to detect, remain in networks for long periods of time, and amass network resources to launch attacks elsewhere.
Data is the prize most adversaries want to reach through their campaigns because it is essentially currency. If data has any street valuewhether its a major corporations intellectual property or an individuals healthcare datait is desirable and, therefore, at risk. If the value of the target is greater than the risk of compromising it, it will be hacked. Even small enterprises are at risk of being hacked. And most enterprises, large and small, have already been compromised and dont even know it: 100% of business networks analysed by Cisco have traffic going to websites that host malware.
Is there a way out Definitely say Cisco officials. To cover the entire attack continuum, enterprises need to address a broad range of attack vectors with solutions that operate everywhere the threat can manifest itself: on the network, on endpoints, on mobile devices, and in virtual environments. As the Cisco chief security officer summarises, To truly protect against all of these possible attacks, defenders must understand the attackers, their motivations and their methodsbefore, during and after an attack.