PHARMA; TELECOM; ENERGY; IT SERVICES
CONSUMER STAPLES: MATERIALS
The Indian rupee's defence hasnt worked, but it has raised and inverted the yield curve (second time in ten years), eroded wealth/value (equities, now fixed income, waiting for property) and is stalling the funding market. It hurt the market (-11%$ rel. GEMs in 1m) and it might not be over yet, albeit such falls could offer some near-term bounces (rate/liquidity policy reversal, global support). Defences down, risks up.
FY14s gone, its FY15 & beyond that is the challenge
This is the fundamental questionhow hard has medium-term growth been hit Thats because there is now a corporate confidence/credit crunch, likelihood of it spilling to the consumer, challenges on reform/regulatory issues, and tough markets are making it harder. It's going to hurtFY14s gone, start thinking about FY15 and beyond.
Dont write India off; it has fixed itself before
India has been here before, and fixed itself; on macro-currency (2002), fiscal deficit (2003-08) and inflation (2001-03). And bottom-up tooasset quality (1999-07), tech bubble (2002), retail credit (2009) and most recently telecom (2012). India needs a policy/bottom-up pullback, some luck and time, and dont write it off. But currently, theres little to write home about.
India has seen such market months before, and bounced back. But more important, it has been able to materially address macro-economic and business challenges, after it had been written off.
This holds true for at the macro-economic levels: be it its fiscal deficit, which it reduced from 6%+ to under 3% over the 2003-08 period; inflationwhich it sustainably reduced to sub-5% in the 2001-03 period; and its currency, which appreciated almost 25% (R49 to sub-R40) over 2001-07. These no doubt were very strong growth years, boosted by global capital, but there was method and direction from the policy makers. Can this be done again Hard to call, but there is government intent (an execution on fiscal consolidation in FY13, and some success on inflation), but it will need a supportive global and market environment, and a fair degree of patience.
This is even truer for the corporate sector, and we have more confidence in its ability to fix itself (from the current stretched position for some) with or without the governments help. This was very much in evidence with the IT services, which regrouped very effectively after the 2000 technology/ Y2K bust, and came out much stronger. Its the case with the recent consumer credit cycle in 2009:post-aggressive restructuring, it is among the stronger and safer growth businesses currently.
And of course, the telecom sector--an outcast until the last year, is now one of the few well-placed sectors in the market (even as governmental challenges have continued), and it is one of the primary OWs (overweight) in our model portfolio. We would keep an eye out for power, infrastructure, and real estate!
The old normal (FY95-03) andpatience
India seems set to go back to its old normal (FY95-03): lower growth, higher uncertainty and yes, lower market multiples. Thats where we peg our market target; 12.5x 1 year forward earnings, or a Sensex target of 18,900 (+3%). In our model portfolio, we OW pharma, telecom, energy and IT services (up from Neutral); Neutral banks (downgraded from OW); and UW (underweight) consumer staples, materials. Indias new normal from here is very likely to be its old normal, which lasted a while.