Strong growth in net profits: We expect Gails EPS (earnings per share) to increase to R43 in FY17 from R32.6 in FY14, led by (i) an increase in gas transmission volumes to 123 mcm/d from 96 mcm/d (million cubic metre per day) in FY14, (ii) nil under-recoveries, (iii) higher polyethylene volumes (0.9 million tonne from 0.45 mt), and (iv) steady profitability of the gas trading segment. Gails pipeline tariffs have already been reduced to regulated levels by various orders of the regulator.
High operating leverage in transmission: Gails pre-subsidy Ebitda declined to R86 bn in FY14 from R93 bn in FY12 due to lower gas transmission volumes while interest and depreciation increased to R15.4 bn in FY14 from R9.1 bn in FY12 due to commissioning of several new pipelines. However, Gails new pipelines are under-utilised due to the current shortage of gas.
Also, its pipeline tariffs have been reduced to comply with the November 2008 regulations of the PNGRB. Thus, Gails Ebitda could increase sharply if gas volumes increase.
Increasing valuation: We increase the multiples of Gails LPG and petrochemical segments to 5-6x Ebitda from 3-4x previously. We had used low multiples for the segments previously to factor in risks from continued high subsidies. However, we no longer see the need to build in low multiples since we factor in a normal scenario of (i) market-linked natural gas prices for the LPG and petrochemical segments and (2) nil subsidies for Gail from FY16 onwards. The government appears committed to reducing subsidies and to raising natural gas prices. Overall fuel subsidies will decline meaningfully over the next two years.
Higher gas prices and lower subsidies: We note two countervailing drivers to Gails net profits over the next two years. We expect natural gas prices to increase, which is negative for the profitability of the LPG and petrochemical segments. However, we expect Gails subsidies to decline also as diesel prices will likely be deregulated in the near term, which will result in lower overall subsidies. It would be illogical to ask Gail to bear under-recoveries when it begins to pay the full price of gas for internal consumption in its LPG and petrochemical segments.
In our view, overall under-recoveries will decline sufficiently enough for the government and upstream companies (OIL and ONGC) to bear the entire amount of under-recoveries. The government can exempt downstream companies and Gail, which will result in Gails profits increasing sharply. We note Gails FY10-14 EPS has been lower by R10-17 due to the subsidy burden; the figure was R10 for FY14.
Kotak Institutional Equities