However in the Budget 2014-15, it has proposed to increase the period of holding in respect of long term debt funds units from 12 months to 36 months.
In the case of debt mutual funds, the capital gains arising on transfer of units held for more than a year is taxed at a concessional rate of 10 per cent, whereas direct investments in banks and other debt instruments attract a higher rate of tax. This allows tax arbitrage opportunity.
This arbitrage has hardly benefited retail investors as their per centage is very small among such mutual fund investors
"With a view to remove this tax arbitrage, I propose to increase the rate of tax on long term capital gains from 10 per cent to 20 per cent on transfer of units of such (mutual funds other than equity oriented funds) funds," Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said in his Budget speech in Parliament.
These amendments would be effective from April,1 2015 and will accordingly apply, in relation to the assessment year 2015-16 and subsequent assessment years.
Mutual funds pool together money from many investors can invest it on their behalf, in accordance with a stated set of objectives.
According to industry experts, the increase in long term capital gain tax on debt-oriented mutual funds would impact negatively and the incentives available to bring new investors towards such schemes will get compromised when compared to bank deposits.
Sandesh Kirkire, CEO at Kotak Mutual Fund. Also attached Is the photograph of Mr. Kirkire
The increase in the 80C limit enhances tax incentive for potential retail investors to invest into equities mutual fund. The increase in the long term capital gains tax (LTCG) rate from 10 to 20% and the tenure from 1 to 3 years (for the debt mutual funds) leads to the closure of tax arbitrage. This directs the energies of the mutual fund industry from short to long term; and towards more stable investible inflows. The arbitrage available while calculating the dividend distribution tax has also been removed. Overall, I believe the finance minister is trying to prepare the investor for a long-term and more objective approach towards the mutual funds: which is more investments and less tax arbitrage.
Sanjay Chawla, CIO of Baroda Pioneer AMC on Union Budget 2014-15:
Budget rightly addresses a lot of procedural issues and lays a foundation for strong economic growth with its thrust on planned expenditure and infrastructure spending. We expect the revenue growth to be more back ended mirroring the GDP growth. Tilt in the budget is towards investment led growth which augurs well for sustained economic recovery.