A nations well-being defined with four key indices, one reintroduced

Written by Express news service | New Delhi | Updated: Jul 25 2014, 17:49pm hrs
HDIGDI measures gender inequalities in achieving the three basic dimensions of human development
The Human Development Report for 2014 reintroduces a gender development index based on a sex-disaggregated HDI, defined as the ratio of the female HDI to the male HDI. GDI measures gender inequalities in achieving the three basic dimensions of human development. GDI was part of the report till 2010 but had then been taken out.

With a female HDI of 0.519 and a male HDI for 0.627, Indias GDI is 0.828. Bangladesh has a GDI of 0.908 it has a better female HDI than Indias and Pakistan has 0.750. Pakistan, incidentally, has the lowest female HDI in the region.

Three other broad indices that the report gives out are a multidimensional poverty index, a gender inequality index, and an inequality-adjusted HDI. All three were introduced for the first time in 2010.

MPI identifies multiple deprivations in the same household in education, health and living standards.

Gender inequality index reflects gender-based inequalities in three dimensions reproductive health, empowerment and economic activity. Reproductive health is measured by maternal mortality and adolescent birth rates; empowerment is measured by the share of parliamentary seats held by women and attainment in secondary and higher education by gender; and economic activity is measured by the labour market participation rate for women and men.